Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against Judea when Jehoiachin was king for a period of three months, and captured Jerusalem and took royal people and other able people as captives and left only some poor people in Judea, and took much spoil from Jerusalem including the treasure of the temple of God, during his eighth year of reign and made Zedekiah his father’s brother as king (II Kings 24: 8-17). Daniel and his friends Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego were also among the captives (Dan. 1: 6,7). Daniel and his friends found favour in the eyes of God as they were prayer warriors, and God opened a way out to exalt them in Babylon and king wanted some good young men might be selected and trained for three years and brought before the king for selection to appoint them in king’s palace (Dan. 1: 3-7). King ordered king’s meat and wine for those trainees. But being a God fearing person, Daniel did not want to defile himself with the king’s meat and wine as per (Proverbs 23: 1-3, and 20,21) which states that the dainties of the ruler is deceitful, and also it states that do not among winebibbers and riotous eaters of flesh, and drunkard and glutton shall come to poverty. So he desired pulse to eat and water to drink and due to the mercy of God, the prince of the eunuchs accepted the request after a test regarding their health (Dan.1: 11-15) So Daniel and his three friends took only pulses and water instead of king’s meat and wine. So, the four youth gained, not poverty of knowledge but riches of knowledge during their training, and after three years they were tested by king himself and he found these four youth were ten times more wise than all the wise men in the realm of the king, and they were appointed to serve in the palace (Dan. 1: 17-20).
From the above, we understand that Daniel and his three friends did not consume king’s meat and wine during their training period of three years. But whether they consumed meat and wine afterwards or not? Many Bible readers say that they did not consume meat and wine throughout their lives. But by careful reading of the book of Daniel we understand that they consumed meat and wine, as by virtue those food stuff were not cause for defilement, but Daniel understood that the defilement was king’s meat and wine as the king was a heathen and defilement was possible due to idol worship and offering to idols.
In (Daniel 10: 1-3) and (Daniel 6: 28) we read that during the reign of Cyrus the Persian king who ruled after King Darius the Median king, who in turn killed Belshazzar the son of Nebuchadnezzar the Chaldean king, Daniel prayed with mourning and humiliation to understand certain mystery of vision, and in those days he denied meat and wine and also denied anointing perfumes. By this we understand that Daniel and his friends consumed meat and wine later as these foodstuff would not defile them.